THE TRADE UNIONS’ ACT, 1926
I OBJECT: To provide for the registration of trade unions and to define law relating to
registered trade unions.
II APPLICABILITY: It extends to the whole of India.
III TRADE UNIONS: means any combination whether temporary or permanent formed
primarly for the purpose of regulating the relations between workmen and employers for
imposing restrictive conditions on the conduct of any trade or business, and includes any
federation of two or more trade unions.
IV MODE OF REGISTRATION: Any seven or more members of a trade union may apply
for registration of a trade union in Form - A to the Registrar appointed for the area. The
application shall be accompanied by Schedule I, Schedule II and a byelaw and a resolution
authorising seven ordinary members of the union to make an application for registration of
the union, and a treasury chalan of Rs.100/- remitted as registration fee. (Section 4 and 5
read with Regulation: 3 & 5)
V REGISTRATION CERTIFICATE: On receipt of the application for registration, the Registrar,
after making reasonable enquiry issue a Registration Certificate in Form - B (Section 8 &
read with Regulation 6)
VI CANCELLATION OF REGISTRATION :
A certificate of Registration may be withdrawn or cancelled by the Registrar:
1. On an application of a Trade Union in Form-D, or
2. If the Registrar is satisfied that the certificate is obtained by fraud of mistake or that the
trade union had ceased to exist or willfully and after notice from the Registrar contravent
any provisions of the Act or rules etc. (Section 10 read with Regulations 8 to 12)
VII APPEAL : Any person aggrieved by any order of the Registrar may apeal within two months
to the Civil Court not inferior to the court of an Additional or Assistant Principal Civil Court.
(Section 11 read with Regulation 13)
VIII CHANGE OF NAME : Any registered trade union may with the consent of not less that
2/3 of its total members may make application in Form-H, for the change of its name
(Section - 23 read with Regulation - 16)
XI ANNUAL RETURNS: Every trade union shall send annual returns to the Registrar in triplicate
on or before the 1st day of May of the year succeeding the calendar year in Form-L in the case
of individual trade unions and in Form-LL in the case of federation of trade unions (Section 28
read with Regulation 21)
XII PENALTIES: Offences punishable for the failure to submit returns may extend to Rs.5/- and in
the case of continuing default with an additional fine which may extend to Rs.5/- for each week
and shall not exceed Rs.50.00. Any person who wilfully makes, or causes to be made any false
entry or any omission from the general statement required by Section 28 etc. shall be punishable
which may extend to Rs.500/-. Registered trade unions, furnishing false informations, shall be
punishable with fine which may extend to Rs.200/- (Section 31)
XIII WHO CAN FILE PROSECUTIONS:
2. Persons with the previous sanction of the Registrar.
3. Aggreived person under Section 32.
The complaint shall be filed within six months of the date on which the offence is alleged to
have been committed.
No court inferior to that of a Presidency Magistrate or a Magistrate of First Class shall try
any offence under the Act.
XIV AUTHORITIES UNDER THE ACT:
1. Registrar of Trade Unions (under Section - 3)
2. Additional Registrar of Trade Unions
Additional Labour Commissioner (IR & E)
3. Deputy Registrar of Trade Unions
Joint Labour Commissioner (P)
(Regulations wherever specified means The Kerala Trade Unions’ Regulations)
IX AMALGAMATION OF TRADE UNIONS: Any two or more registered trade unions may
become amalgamated together as one trade union provided the votes of at least one half of the
members of each or every such trade union entitled to vote and at least 60% of the votes re
corded are in favour of the proposal. Notice of the amalgamation shall be sent to the Registrar in
duplicate in Form-J (Section 24 to 26 read with Regulation 18)
X DISSOLUTION: When a registered trade union is dissolved the notice of dissolution shall be
sent to the Registrar in Form - K, within 14 days of the dissolution along with the registration
certificate (Section 27 read with Regulation 19)